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Technical Data

Skiing is a sport and therefore your ski wear should fit well and be comfortable.

All our women's ski jackets, pants, ski suits and ladies ski accessories including ski helmets and goggles are made by highly experienced ski wear designers and ski wear manufacturers.

Garments, fabrics and designs undergo rigorous testing by the manufacturers in terms of performance. If you would like to know more about the technical performance of the garments read on...

Breathable

The ability for the fabric to breathe/evacuate water vapour to the outside of the garment. This is important for sportswear where the wearer is likely to perspire. For example, you would not want to do a sport in completely waterproof skiwear as you would get hot, sweaty and uncomfortable. Most likely your jacket would be noisy too!

Moisture Vapour Transfer (MVT) in waterproof fabrics occurs in two ways:

  • Physical: Hydrophobic (water fearing) are water proof, yet steam permeable microporous coatings or laminations. They have pores that are so small that liquid water cannot go through. However, vapour water molecules are many times smaller than the liquid state and can pass through these “micro pores”.
  • Chemical: Hydophilic (water loving) / non-porous lamination or coating move moisture by chemical diffusion. The water molecule is positively charged and the hydrophilic PU is negatively charged, attracting the water through the intermolecular gaps of the PU. Because the ionic bond is relatively weak, the water then gets pushed through the gaps until the water vapour passes all the way through.

So broadly you're looking to see how effectively a garment transfers water vapour or sweat out. This is often measured in grams. For example, how many grams of sweat per square metre can escape a garment in a 24 hour period. The higher this is the better a garment is at keeping you dry and at a comfortable temperature. 

Above 5,000g/sqm.24hr is considered good.

Above 8,000g/sqm.24hr is very good and enables perspiration vapour to be released from the garment during active exercise. This standard of fabric technology enables you to keep dry and comfortable during a full day of moderate activity and will easily handle sustained periods of high activity. 

High Water Resistance

Perfect to discourage snow from melting on you and getting inside your clothing.

Results above 5,000mm are considered good. 10,000mm or above is excellent.

This property may work in conjunction with critical seam sealing to ensure that moisture does not permeate the seams of outer membrane in wet conditions.

Fabrics selected for manufacturing ski wear are chosen for their technical abilities obtained through advanced manufacturing techniques. The fabrics have pores which are larger than a molecule of sweat (to allow for evaporation and wicking of moisture away from the body) but smaller than a molecule of water. This allows your ski wear to be breathable, water resistant and comfortable. 

High Water Repellency (100% is good) so that the fabric does not become saturated in wet conditions.

Most ski wear is not produced to wear in very wet conditions - it is manufactured to withstand cold, snow and dampness, not rain. Garments with High Water Repellency often are not breathable or as comfortable and are more like an anorak. 

Fabrics, Linings, Insulation, Technical Information and Environmental Performance

Thermolite Insulation provides warmth and comfort but is lightweight and slim. It dries 20% more quickly than other insulating fabrics and 50% more quickly than cotton. 

Gore-Tex offers enduring weather protection and comfort combined with a well balanced heat transfer and optimum moisture management, even in harsh conditions. 

Primaloft Insulation offers superior performance for high quality cold weather clothing. It's soft, lightweight and breathable with excellent water repellency. The user should be able to remain dry, warm and comfortable in extreme conditions. 

Primaloft Gold Insulation microfibres trap body heat to make this one of the most thermally efficient synthetic insulations available. The performance is enhanced with water repellent capabilities to maintain 85% of warmth even when wet. 

Primaloft Performance Energy series supports the active lifestyle, keeping the wearer comfortable and dry during a wide range of exertions and activities. 

Perfortex is a fabric technology exclusive to Fusalp. It's a waterproof, windproof, breathable and microporous membrane. A synthetic layer is laminated on the internal layers of the fabric to increase efficiency. The tiny size of the micropores enables moisture to exit the garment whilst preventing penetration from rain, wind or snow. External water resistance treatments and waterproof seams guarantee protection. 

Dupont/Sorona is a biopolymer fibre with an unbeatable heat to heat ratio. its elastic, soft, quick drying, easy to clean and resistant to chlorine and stains. This bio-polyester formulation is made from renewable organic materials and has the advantage over synthetic polymers derived from petroleum. Therefore this production uses 40% less energy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 63% compared with usual fibres. 

 Quilting traps the insulation layers to compress them and make them less bulky whilst still providing the same warmth. The removal of bulk is good for the skier who wants to look good, stay warm and have the best flexibility and movement whilst skiing. Many of our ski jackets are quilted for this reason.

Outer fabrics are often made of 100% polyamide which consists of many tiny polymers. There are two main types of polymers in polyamides that contain sweat-wicking properties. Polymers contain polarized ends that have negative and positive charges. The charged ends attract water molecules, which in turn leave the surrounding material and move away from the skin. This fabric is designed to repel moisture from the outside of the jacket, keeping you warm and dry.

Inner fabrics may be made of 77% polyamide and 23% polyurethane – here the role of the polyamide is to repel moisture that you might make, so that no sweat lies close to your skin or base layers thus preventing you from getting cold and wet. The polyurethane (PUL) fabric is waterproof, durable and has a slight crossgrain stretch and is used in items that are required to be largely waterproof. Most PUL fabric is made by laminating lightweight polyester interlock knit fabric to a 1 millimetre thick film of polyurethane. There are two processes used for lamination: solvent lamination which fuses the fabric and polyurethane film into a single monolithic fabric and hot melt which uses heat activated glue to adhere the fabrics together. This laminated fabric is useful as a wind and/or water barrier in the construction of fluid-splash protecting garments, including shower curtains and outerwear clothing.

Lining 1 may be made of 100% polyester to keep you warm. Often polyester is made from PET bottles. 

Lining 2 may be made of 100% polyester wadding or batting is a layer of insulation used in quilting between a top layer, in this case the inner fabric and a bottom layer of the backing material, in this case lining 1. It is also used for duvets as it is washable and suitable for people with allergies.

4 Way and 2 Way Stretch including Schoeller

These fabrics offer the maximum in comfort and flexibility for the wearer. The stretch is obtained through a combination of elastane and other technologically proficient materials or by special weaving and layering techniques. Multi directional flexibility in a garment is really important for sports wear. 

Schoeller WB-400

Swiss company Schoeller offers a range of laminated fabrics with 2-3 layers of high tension and high quality yarns and is produced in an environmentally friendly manner. 

Schoeller make an amazing WB-400 fabric that's very flexible, soft and hardwearing. It's two fabrics bonded together and the outer layer is an elastic/synthetic blend which is incredibly hard-wearing and doesn't constrict the wearer. Other benefits include the fact that it is dirt-repellent and is combined with acrylate layer which repels water but does not inhibit the movement of perspiration. As we've outlined above, this is essential for garments you wear for sports. The outer surface is treated to make moisture form "beads" and roll off.

Inside is a fleecy fabric which retains warmth. 

The WB-400 Schoeller fabric is not fully waterproof but is water and wind resistant. It's suitable for 80-90% of weather conditions - excluding persistent heavy rain or very wet snow. The fabric's breathability is 25-30% better than hard shells, according to Schoeller.

Schoeller now comes in merino wool too. The membrane material is breathable, moisture repellant, windproof with anti-stain and anti-UV capabilities. 

Down

Down filled ski jackets provide great comfort and warmth for skiers with a natural feel. Down is exceptionally lightweight and the 3 dimensional structure ensures it is comfortable. The down interlaces and overlaps trapping an air layer which prevents heat escaping and cold entering. 

Typically down from older birds is used as their feathers are larger and more fluffy.

Fill power is measured in cubic inches per ounce. An ounce of down is compressed by weight in a glass cylinder. It's ability to bounce back and loft is calculated as its fill power. Fill power ranges from 400-900 and down outerwear ideally falls in between 550-800. 

A higher percentage of down to feather is preferable as feathers don't have as much loft. 

To create down ski jackets the down can be placed in the garment and then sewn through. Alternatively the down can be placed in individual rows which is known as Box Baffle. Occasionally ski wear is made using a blend of both techniques with Box Baffle on the body and Sewn Through used on the sleeves. 

Dri-Tec Membranes

Dri-Tec membrane gives superior waterproofing and excellent vapour transmission to maximise performance in even the wettest of environments. They are water and windproof thanks to its membrane. 

Millions of microscopic pores in the Dri-Tec membrane allow water vapour to escape without allowing water droplets in, keeping the wearer dry and comfortable.

Lavalan

Lavalan is a wool product made from traceable European wool. It is both biodegradable and recyclable as well as being naturally high-tech. Wool fibres are processed into high quality fibrefill. Wool sourced for Lavalan is exclusively from Switzerland and Norway, both countries with the highest animal welfare standards in the world. 

Micro Bemberg

Micro Bemberg is a lining material that is both highly absorbent and anti-static. Each fibre in the yarn is super fine with a round cross section for outstanding smoothness and a silky touch making it an excellent material for linings.

PolarTec and PolarTec Power Stretch

Polartec and Polartec Power Stretch fabrics are body hugging 4-way stretch and are very breathable. They keep the wearer dry even whilst sweat is being generated and provide warmth without weight. 

Polygiene

Polygiene Stays Fresh Technology is a odour control fabric treatment that inhibits the growth of odour causing bacteria, allowing you to wear your clothes more often and wash them less. For fresh confidence that lasts the lifetime of the garment, your skin's natural bacteria are protected and is also better for the climate as you save both water and energy by washing garments less. The active ingredient in Polygiene is a biocide called Silver Chloride. 

Lenzing Ecovero Viscose

The introduction of LENZING™ ECOVERO™ branded viscose fibres marks a new era of sustainablity in vicose production. These viscose fibres come from sustainable wood and pulp from certified and controlled sources. The fibres also have the EU Ecolabel certification, meaning high environmental standards are reached through the whole life cycle from raw material through to production, distribution and disposal. 

Fur

Some Winternational jackets are fur lined or trimmed.

Our policy is to work with design houses who use naturally farmed fur products from reputable suppliers (for example Saga Furs) where the animals are regularly checked by veterinarians and there is freedom of movement as one might see at a free-range farm. 

Whilst we do not condone cruelty to animals in any way, we believe that managed fur offers significant environmental benefits. Fake fur is produced using petroleum petrochemicals which are a non-renewable resource. On the other hand, fur is a renewable resource and it is on this basis that we continue to offer it to our customers, furthermore fur performs exceptionally well in cold weather conditions and is a natural product. 

YKK Excella Zips

EXCELLA® is the high quality metal zipper with fully polished elements and in a wide variety of colours including gold and silver. The shiny look gives a luxurious appearance to clothing.

YKK Water Repellent Zips

AquaGuard® is the water repellent and water intrusion zipper. Elaborated by lamination of the polyurethane film on a spiral or injected zipper. It comes in several glossy, transparent or matte colours but always with a high quality appearance.

Snow Gaiters

This technical and waterproof gaiter (PU coating) prevents snow and air from getting into the bottom of the pants so that you can remain comfortably warm and dry.

Wrist cuffs with or without thumbholes

This comfortable cuff provides airtightness to help keep warmth in and to snow proof your arms.

International manufacturing standards

Bluesign is an international independent standard based on resource productivity, consumer safety, air and water emissions as well as worker health and safety. Total transparency along the textile production line without compromising on functionality, quality and design. We are proud to say that most of the garments we sell are produced to this very high standard.

OEKO TEX Standard 1000 is a testing, audit and certification system for environmentally friendly operations in textile and clothing industries. The aim is to continuously improve performance and working conditions. Many of the garments we sell are produced to this standard and we continue to encourage our designers and manufacturers to adopt environmentally friendly production techniques. 

Reach is an EU regulation aimed at protecting both human health and the environment from risks related to chemical substances and champions the European Union chemical industry. This regulation encourages the development of alternative methods for the assessment of hazards in order to minimise animal testing. Fabrics and accessories are regularly tested for compliance to ensure safe levels during wearing and washing as well as storage. 

Business Social Compliance Initiative carries out surprise spot checks every year on factories. An independent party visits factories to ensure working conditions, including wages, hours, and the work environment meet requirements. Many of the manufacturers we use are members of this organisation and sign up to adhere to its policies. 

Responsible Down Standard certification means manufacturers only source from animals farmed for the food industry on humanely run farms. Down is therefore a byproduct that would otherwise be thrown away. 

Amfori membership for our suppliers means they have access to the world's leading business association for open and sustainable trade.  

 

Any questions?

Please call or email customer services - you can call us on 02380610134 or send an email to lookgood@winternational.co.uk